Underpronation, also known as supination, is when the foot doesn’t pronate much. The outer or lateral side of the heel hits the ground at an increased angle, and little or no normal pronation occurs, resulting in a large transmission of shock through the lower leg. This lateral loading of the foot continues for the entire stance phase of gait, further affecting efficiency.
As underpronators tend to be susceptible to shock-related injuries like stress fractures, you should choose a neutral shoe with plenty of cushioning.
Overpronation is when the foot rolls in excessively, or at a time when it should not, for instance late in the stance phase of gait. In this case much weight is transferred to the inner or medial side of the foot, and as you move forward the load is borne by the inner edge rather than the ball of the foot. This destabilises the foot, which will attempt to regain stability by compensating for the inward movement. In a kind of chain reaction, this in turn affects the biomechanical efficiency of the leg, especially the knee and hip.
The shoes of an overpronator will show extra wear on the inside of the heel and under the ball of the foot, especially the big toe.
Overpronators should consider choosing maximum support or structured cushioning shoes. Shoes in both of these categories will help your feet distribute the impact more effectively. The GEL-KAYANO is a leading structured cushioning shoe.
SEVERE OVERPRONATION SHOES
WOMEN GEL-FOUNDATION 8
MEN GEL-FOUNDATION 8
Maximum stability is what you need.
|• Pronation is the way your foot rolls inward when you walk and run• It affects the type of shoe you need to get• Neutral pronators are safe to wear a wide variety of shoes• Overpronators should look for maximum support or structured cushioning shoes• Underpronators need lots of cushioning to avoid impact injuries|